Jest with TypeScript and aliased imports (custom paths)

February 7, 2023

In this post we are going to setup jest for a TypeScript project with custom aliases (path mapping) support. If you haven't read my previous post about cleaner imports in TypeScript using aliases, you can do that here. It's pretty cool that we can use the same aliases in our tests to keep them nice and clean ✨

We are going to use yarn package manager. However, there are no differences with npm - other than the commands themselves.

Install Jest

  • Run yarn add --dev jest.

Add TS support

  • Add type support: yarn add --dev @types/jest
  • Install ts-jest. It's a custom jest transformer that will help us use Jest with TypeScript.
  • Run yarn jest --init to initialize a config file. Answer the questions as you wish (ask Yes for TS support).
  • Go to your tsconfig and "@types/jest" inside types array:
"types": [..., "@types/jest"],

Add path support

  • Make sure you have at least the following config in jest.config.ts:
import { pathsToModuleNameMapper, JestConfigWithTsJest } from "ts-jest";
import { compilerOptions } from "./tsconfig.paths.json";
const jestConfig: JestConfigWithTsJest = {
preset: "ts-jest",
moduleDirectories: ["node_modules", "<rootDir>"],
moduleNameMapper: pathsToModuleNameMapper(compilerOptions.paths)
export default jestConfig;

Here we import our custom paths defined in tsconfig.paths.json (for more info on this read here):

import { compilerOptions } from "./tsconfig.paths.json";

The moduleDirectories prop did the trick for me. Also make sure to remove comments from both jest.config and tsconfig, since they sometimes cause parsing errors. Hope this helped someone 😎

Emmanouil Liakos

Emmanouil Liakos

Software Engineer



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