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How to compare accented strings in JS

April 28, 2021

It's a very common scenario when you have to compare strings ignoring their case. The usual approach is to convert both of them to upper or lower case:

const a = 'JavaScript';
const b = 'JAVASCRIPT';
console.log(
a.toLowerCase() === a.toLowerCase()
); // true

But what about when comparing accented strings like Café, Jalapeño or résumé ? Here's where the localeCompare method comes in handy. From MDN:

The localeCompare() method returns a number indicating whether a reference string comes before, or after, or is the same as the given string in sort order.

A number 0 means that strings match.

const a = 'Café';
const b = 'cafe';
console.log(
a.localeCompare(b, 'en', { sensitivity: 'base' })
); // 0 (strings match)

The second argument is the locale and indicates the language, whose formatting conventions should be used. You can omit it by providing a value of undefined.

Emmanouil Liakos

Emmanouil Liakos

Software Engineer

 

 

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